The holidays have passed and slowly they all return to their daily lives. You are entering the same rhythm, starting again the routine and you will again be closed to answer the same common questions: “What to cook?”, “To make something healthy for children?”, “To make something quick that will not take me long time? “.
And here you will need to think if you really know how to cook ecologically.
Smart, economical and, by extension, eco-friendly cooking is a combination of suitable raw materials, suitable equipment and proper handling. Making the right choices for hygienic and ecological cuisine saves money while taking care of the environment. Below are some simple tips that will help you make the ecological consciousness routine and cook both smartly and ecologically.
Kitchen utensils, appliances
Choose cookware that can withstand the test of time and you will not need to throw them after just a few months of use. A quality cooking utensil, such as a pan, a pressure cooker, a pan, is characterized by its construction material and mainly by its base, which should keep its form during cooking and evenly distribute the heat.
While there are conflicting views on whether non-stick utensils are dangerous to health, there is no doubt that they have a limited useful life. Generally, non-stick surfaces require special care when using them: cookware should be cooked at moderate temperatures and not above 250 ° C as their anti-stick effect is reduced. You should always use wooden or plastic ladles or spatulas as the use of sharp objects or rubbing powders cause damage to the surfaces. If the utensil is of good quality and used / maintained properly, there is no danger to your health while enjoying it for longer. Likewise, he chose durable kitchen tools and not of dubious quality. Low-grade wooden ladles, for example, can rot and plastic can melt if you leave them for a long time in the pot. Equip yourself with high quality knives that you can sharpen with a special steel rod or sharpening stone and use kitchen towels that you can wash instead of wasting paper.
It’s not a bad idea to experiment with cooking, but you do not have to buy a whole set of devices that you can only use once. He preferred multifunctional utensils and devices such as deep pan with lid or kitchen machine respectively. Deep frying pan can be used for many applications and recipes while saving energy. With a food processor, you can prepare the food using only one appliance. So you do not have to have unnecessary appliances in your kitchen.
Kitchen / Oven: Gas or Electricity?
Household gas appliances have begun in recent years to gain consumer preference, especially with regard to cooking (kitchens, ovens). Many cooks prefer gas as it is easier to control temperatures: Gas is a very
With regard to electric kitchens, the most efficient appliances are those using induction hobs that carry electromagnetic energy directly to the cooking utensil. The cooking surface is only heated under the pot using less than half of the energy in relation to the typical hotplates. Cooking in an induction heater provides faster heating, improved thermal performance, and more controlled heating than cooking with thermal conductivity used in electric hobs and for cooking on fire. In addition, induction hobs are known for their extremely easy cleaning. This type of hob, however, requires the use of cooking utensils made of or containing significant amounts of a ferromagnetic metal, such as cast iron, or stainless steel.
The same applies to units with ceramic hobs, which use heating resistors under a crystal surface, which heat up and transfer the heat to the selected cooking zone. This is the next best choice based on performance. Ceramic heaters produce heat directly and respond quickly to changes in temperature settings. They are also very easy to clean, which is an important asset. However, they only work efficiently when there is complete contact between the cooking utensil and the surface. If the base of the appliance is not perfectly flat, then cooking will be ineffective while wasting energy unnecessarily.
In conclusion, choosing a kitchen depends mainly on your cost and lifestyle, so the greenest choice you can make is to choose the kitchen that will take you off for at least a decade or more, which will be an energy class D and above, and it will definitely save energy – so money.
Warming up the oven is a process that consumes electricity. The older the kitchen is, the longer it takes to reach the right temperature. Many modern ovens reach the right temperature so quickly that you do not have to preheat them – except perhaps for more special dishes like soufflé, cake etc. If you bake or cook a dish that is flexible in terms of cooking time, you can put it directly in the oven and turn it off 5-10 minutes before the food, as the remaining heat is enough to finish the cooking.
The best use of the kitchen – to use the hot air of the oven to cook 2-3 meals at the same time, for example – is also a wise choice for saving energy and time. For fewer portions, use a cooker or microwave. What makes the difference – when cooking in the kitchen – is the appropriate cookware size for each cooktop: In an electric hob, for example, if you use a 15 cm diameter pot in a larger hearth (eg 18 centimeters diameter) wasting unnecessary energy, since 40% of the heat of the fireplace is lost. Correspondingly, if you use a large pot / pan / kettle in a small hearth the heat does not spread evenly on the pot, which means that it takes more cooking time. More generally, the cooking utensil and the hearth should contact exactly and be of the same size.
Make sure all pots and pans have watertight lids, which you use whenever possible – even when boiling water – helping to reduce cooking time. The pressure cooker and speed pan are still a great way to save energy, reducing cooking time by up to 70%. For steam cooking, use a steam cooker or a pressure cooker to avoid wasting electricity, but also to save time. Of course, the most energy-efficient cooking means we leave the heat out of the equation – do not forget the salads, cold soups and other dishes that require little preparation and can be consumed cold.
Restrict the food you fly
Before you go shopping, make a list of everything you need right away, and avoid the massive fresh food markets so you can not get rid of the excess vegetables and fruit that broke down. or frozen ones. Also, be sure to provide your kitchen cabinets with food that can be kept for a long time, but also for fast and economical cooking such as rice, legumes, pasta
Frozen meat, poultry and fish are also a good solution to better organize your household’s weekly diet plan – and do not run a bit at the supermarket. Especially when filleted, they are stored more easily without getting free space in the freezer compartment. Fillets of beef and pork, steak with or without bone, slices of fish or fillets and chicken fillets are each individually frozen in nylon sachets. They are thawed quickly in the microwave and immediately cooked in the pan, grill or steam. In the event of food, instead of throwing it away, it is fed to the refrigerator’s maintenance or freezing to consume it sometime the next day or to use it as a raw material for future cooking.
Proper care for even more ecological cooking
Even the most “green” device can become extremely energy-intensive if you do not take care of it properly. This is why the oven and hobs should be thoroughly cleaned. So they work more efficiently and thus save energy. Of course, the same applies to any appliance you have in your kitchen: the microwave oven, for example, must be cleaned regularly for both hygiene and proper functioning.
By following all the above tips, you can save money without reducing the joy of cooking and the pleasures your kitchen can offer.